to reveal what lies at the root of what we do tonight.
The first reading describes the Passover,
celebrated by the Jewish People.
It speaks of the “the fourteenth day of the month” –
that is, fourteen days after a new moon, which means, a full moon.
Did you see what is overhead? A full moon.
The lamb was one year old and “without blemish”;
and notice, the lamb was obtained several days before,
and lived with the family until the day of sacrifice?
Why is this important?
Because it symbolized the lamb being part of the household.
Then, with the whole assembly present, the lamb was slaughtered.
Elsewhere in Scripture, it makes clear, not a bone is to be broken.
The blood of the lamb is then spread over the doorposts,
to symbolize protection from divine judgment.
Scripture scholar Brant Pitre –
whose work I draw on for these details –
points out that when the blood was spread on the doorposts,
it would stain the wood, providing a permanent sign.
And then, finally, the flesh of the lamb was eaten.
This completed the sacrifice.
At the same meal, there were “bitter herbs” recalling slavery in Egypt,
and unleavened bread and wine.
On Sunday, we recalled how Jesus entered Jerusalem,
along with probably a million other faithful to keep the Passover.
The ancient Jewish historian, Josephus,
says there may have been as many as two million.
With such numbers, that means quite a lot of lambs were sacrificed:
perhaps two hundred thousand or more.
History records that
all the thousands of priests of Israel were present,
and they had a well-practiced system of doing this.
Without being too graphic, just stop and realize:
there would have been a lot of blood.
It would have been powerfully present.
Now, I want to compare all that with what happened
when Jesus gathered with his apostles.
In all that Jesus said and did at the supper,
he never mentions the lamb.
Instead, he takes the bread, and says,
“this is my body, given up for you.”
If you were listening closely to the Passion of Luke on Sunday,
you heard mention of Jesus taking a cup of wine not once, but twice.
In fact, in the Passover meal, there were four cups of wine shared.
The first cup that was prepared: I say, “prepared,”
because it was mixed with water. Does that ring a bell?
Watch what I do at the altar in a few minutes.
This was called the “cup of sanctification,”
and the father began the meal with a prayer, over this cup,
and the food is brought to the table.
The second was the cup of “proclamation” – it was prepared,
but not drunk right away; because then the account
of what God did for his people in Egypt, in the exodus, was recounted,
and the father would explain the meaning of what they did.
And isn’t that what I’m doing now?
After this, the meal would be eaten.
And then when the meal was finished, the father would share the “cup of blessing.”
Then those present would sing several psalms,
and then the Passover was concluded with the fourth cup,
called the “cup of praise,” and it completed the sacrificial meal.
If you noticed what Paul just told us,
Jesus took the cup “after supper” –
meaning, this was the third cup.
Which raises a question that scholars wrestle with:
what about the fourth and final cup?
Well, if you are here tomorrow, Good Friday,
you will hear these words in the Passion we will all read together:
After this, aware that everything was now finished, in order that the Scripture might be fulfilled,
Jesus said, “I thirst.” There was a vessel filled with common wine.
So they put a sponge soaked in wine on a sprig of hyssop and put it up to his mouth.
When Jesus had taken the wine, he said, “It is finished.”
And bowing his head, he handed over the spirit.
I want you to notice that tonight, we will not finish this Mass.
There will be no final blessing.
We will go on a procession – recalling Jesus and the Apostles leaving the Upper Room,
and going to the Garden of Gethsemane.
In turns, we will keep watch with the Lord all night.
Tomorrow, we will recall how the Lamb of God was slain.
Oh, I meant to give you one more detail.
In Jesus’ time, when the lamb was prepared for the meal,
in order to roast it, do you know how they did it?
They took two skewers, made of wood.
One was speared through the torso, from head to tail.
The other was speared through both shoulders. A cross.
Tomorrow we will worship the Cross on which our Savior,
our Lamb of God, was slain. This is our Passover. It begins tonight.