Wednesday, June 14, 2006

Salt & Light

In yesterday's Gospel at Mass, Our Lord enjoined us to be salt to preserve the earth, and light to attract others. It was an appropriate way to begin my day, as later that morning, I was on my way to Columbus to appear at a committee hearing concerning House Bill 228, which would outlaw all abortions in Ohio.

Representative Tom Brinkman, who introduced the bill, asked me to testify, and of course I was honored to do so. I asked his legislative aide, "how much time?" She said, "we're looking for 3-5 minutes."

What I came up with appears at the end of this post.

Back in my political days, I used to do a lot of media work, and I get up at Mass every Sunday and attempt to preach the Gospel -- and that's all I came to Columbus to do, really: preach the Gospel.

Rep. Brinkman's aide was helpful in advising me I didn't need to be there at the very beginning, as my turn would come about two hours into the hearing. So I arrived around 11:15, to discover the hearing room was packed, with an overflow area downstairs, where the audio was being broadcast. So I sat, waited, and prayed my office. A few minutes later, I heard my name called, and headed upstairs. While waiting, I prayed my rosary; I always offer it for an end to abortion; that had special meaning this day.

Well, finally they had a "changing of the guard" -- a break while the previous witnesses emerged, and the new witnesses came in. I was pleasantly surprised at so many of the legislators being present; I suspected few would be there, as they have other commitments, and this is a bill that clearly the GOP leadership views as radioactive. One thing the GOP loathes is taking a stand on anything controversial; they want to rally their base while not really doing anything. They hate when someone like Rep. Brinkman proposes something like this, clear-cut, 100% sound on policy, asking simply that everyone say where he stands. Oh, the horror!

The pro-aborts were there in force, of course, but also lots of folks who are prolife. Mostly everything was calm and civil, which is a great blessing. One man, passing me in the hall, made a very offensive crack directed at me, as a priest; I said, "God bless you" and moved on. Otherwise, no problems.

As I sat down, a fellow with the Christian Legal Society advised me of something said in prior testimony: a woman who'd had an abortion and regretted it recounted her boyfriend--who was Catholic--claiming the Church wouldn't allow them to get married if she was pregnant. "Please, Father, you need to set the record straight on that," he urged. So, I added a mention of that at the end of my testimony, saying something like, "I wasn't here when the matter came up, but there is some confusion about what the Church teaches about getting married and being pregnant, and if anyone wants to know, please ask." And a legislator did ask the question, and I explained that of course it was nonsense that being pregnant meant someone wouldn't be married in the Church; rather, common sense rules in these situations -- sometimes people are too young, too immature, etc. -- and everyone understands how these things come into play whenever two people are in a situation like that.

The chairman of the committee seemed exasperated at a few points, when other legislators attempted to delve into side issues. A Protestant minister, who appeared with me, is involved with an organization which takes a stance against "excessive taxation," and one legislator asked, "just where did Jesus take a position on that?" The minister was happy to speak to it, but the chairman didn't want to pursue that, or the death penalty, when another legislator complained of "hypocrisy": "where is the outcry against the death penalty?" I was ready to respond, "if you hold a hearing on that, I or another priest will be all too happy to testify against the death penalty." But the chairman's gavel intervened.

After the chairman announced a recess for lunch, they were finished with me, so I was ready to drive back; before I went, a legislator approached me, and another Protestant minister -- who had spoken briefly, but wisely, and didn't seem too concerned about whether he got the mic during the question period -- to ask a question, believe it or not, about Scripture! He said something to the effect of, "wasn't 'Thou shalt not kill' given before King Saul?" I nodded; so what about how God instructed Saul to kill a group of people, and their animals -- and when he failed to do so, God faulted his disobedience. I started to answer the exegetical question, the latter minister responded, more wisely: "why do you ask the question?" And we had a discussion about various things.

One comment, which I anticipated, had to do with "legislating morality." I responded, but every law you enact is grounded in morality--or else it's a power-play." "No," he said. I replied, but they are: every law you enact is in some way about promoting human welfare; even environmental laws are basically about a suitable environment for human beings. I asked if he could cite an example of what he had in mind: a law not grounded in a moral impulse. He cited a law about stop signs; I said, but why have stop signs at all? Isn't it because you don't want people to crash into each other -- i.e., to save human lives? That reflects a moral value! I asked a second time for an example of a non-morality-based law, but he couldn't think of one, and I didn't press him further.

After a few minutes, I excused myself, and headed home.

Here's what I said to the legislators:

Thank you, Mr. Chairman, and members of the Legislature.

In the book of Exodus, the Lord says, "You shall not wrong any widow or orphan. If ever you wrong them and they cry out to me, I will surely hear their cry" (Exodus 22:22).

I speak of fundamental human dignity: the premise of nearly every law you enact.

Who will defend human dignity? On one level, all of us. In a particular way, you. As a priest, I just quoted Scripture. As an American, let me quote other words: "All men are created equal, and endowed by their Creator with certain, inalienable rights, and among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness."

Perhaps we forget how bold a Declaration that was—and still is!

Do you believe it? If so, I ask you, do our laws reflect it?

We forget how fragile this idea of human dignity is—especially at the margins. We all operate on the assumption that the law will protect our basic dignity. But why assume this? What gives us this assurance?

Our Constitution? Most of the world does not have our constitution. But even if they did, recall what Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes said:

You may think that the Constitution is your security—it is nothing but a piece of paper. You may think that the statutes are your security—they are nothing but words in a book. You may think that elaborate mechanism of government is your security—it is nothing at all, unless you have sound and uncorrupted public opinion to give life to your Constitution, to give vitality to your statutes, to make efficient your government machinery.

Bad law corrupts public opinion, and good law helps form sound public opinion. It is not enough to wait for public opinion; it must be aroused.

Our current law on abortion does a very powerful job of shaping our social values about human dignity. Do the word games we play—it’s a baby! No, it’s a "choice"—help or hurt our common commitment to the dignity of every human life?

Roe v. Wade…50 million abortions…euthanasia…and now, we are turning human life into a commodity: "surplus" embryos…what shall we use them for? "Research"—and then, let us clone millions more.

If this is "progress," toward what, may I ask?

You may say, "these are subtle questions, and what you ask is difficult." Of course—but that is the job of a legislator! If "Thou shalt not kill" were so obvious, it would never have been said in the first place! Do you think it was easy to abolish slavery? Even that obvious moral insight—that humans shall not enslave others—is too subtle for some, to this very day.

There are so many fronts, many battles, but one great cause: human dignity. I ask you to enact H.B. 228. Safeguard human dignity. And heed the cry of the poor.

17 comments:

glorybe said...

Thank you, Father, for standing up for the unborn. God bless you!

Deacon Jim said...

God bless you father and your witness.

Father Barry said...

Wonderful thoughts, Father. It's fantastic for the committee to sit there and hear this sort of thing from a Catholic priest. Couldn't come at a better time. Well done!

(What are the bill's chances?)

DilexitPrior said...

Thank-you for doing this father.

Field Marshall Dodge said...

I think that having members of the clergy testify before congressional committees is an infringement of the separation between church and state.

The church is clear on that and we should follow its decrees if we want to remain catholic (although a lot of catholics use birth control!), but I don't think that the church should be campaigning for laws to force non-catholics to follow its doctrine. For example, I would deeply resent the local Christian Scientists campaigning to outlaw medicine.

We're catholics, so presumably we won't have abortions or encourage our significant others to have them. It's a dangerous next step to try to legislate everyones morality according to our dictates.

Father Martin Fox said...

Father Barry:

The bill faces a steep, uphill climb, but worth doing regardless.

Father Martin Fox said...

Field Marshall:

I totally disagree with, and find absurd, the idea that the Church should not advocate changes in law.

And I find it even more ridiculous for you to assert that I violated "the separation of church and state."

First, what does that assertion of yours mean? Do you mean I violated a statute? There is no statute that prevents clergy from doing as I did. Did I violate a provision of the Constitution? Nothing in the Constitution prevents clergy from doing as I did; but something rather important specifically protects my right, and yours, and every citizens, to do as I did: The First Amendment.

Did I violate some, abstract principle that you and others believe in? That may be; if so, too bad. Why do you expect my behavior to conform to your principles?

Father Barry said...

"The bill faces a steep, uphill climb, but worth doing regardless."

Amen, Father!

You've certainly done noble work on this one.

And now I'm off to try and cut my way out of Field Marshall Dodge's "Church vs. State" confusion. It's not unique to him, in any way. Such a misunderstanding of the "seperation clause" seems profoundly common in America today.

The idea that the Founders would have wanted my religiosity seperated from my political theory makes no sense to me whatsoever. They were trying to protect the Church from the State, not the other way round. They certainly wanted us to make decisions based on our morality. What else would we base them on?

As I like to say to folks when I'm arguing about abortion: "I'm pro-life because I'm human, not because I'm Catholic." I happen to think the Catholic Church is right, because its positions are based on true principles. I don't push those principles because they're Catholic; I push them because they're true.

Testify away, Father!

PrayingTwice said...

Nice work, Father. Great to see a priest unafraid to tackle the tough issues both in the pulpit and in a hearing such as this.

Elizabeth+ said...

It's amazing to me how much confusion there is about the "separation of church and state." My understanding is that the intent of the Founders was not to have a state church...if that had happened, Catholics, being an often persecuted minority, would have suffered. But it was not to keep religious men and women from being advocates for their beliefs. Minorities, such as African-Americans, have for more than a century used the pulpit and the pew to to build coalitions based on Christian principles and to change our society and our culture. I think that those who are politically active and are also Christian probably need to be rather reflective and self-critical. They can ask themselves: is this advancing the Kingdom or is it my ambition? But sheesh, Christian witness is essential to a healthy society, in my opinion.

Kudos to you Fr. Martin for proclaiming in such an eloquent way the principle of "just life" theology...care for the unborn, care for the poor, and care for the dying and the sinner. I've never understood those who favor justice for the poor and approve of abortion, or those who are opposed to abortion, but don't give a darn about the homeless. In that respect, our two main political parties both let us down, bigtime.

DilexitPrior said...

Reading through these comments made me think of an exchange that took place when Bishop Fred Henry of Calgary, Alberta, testified before a parliamentary committee on the issue of the re-definition of marriage in Canada. As you know, we lost that battle (pray for us!) but the conversation that took place between the Bishop and one member of parliament in particular seemed to reflect some of what has been said in the comments here.

http://centreblog.blogspot.com/2005/06/bishop-taxman-and-separation-of-church.html

The above link is a link to a blog by a Catholic lawyer wrote an extensive post, including transcripts, on the bishops testimony.

Scroll down to the discussion between the bishop and the Member of Parliament, Mr. Réal Ménard.

Highlight:

Mr. Ménard:". . .if you consider marriage to be a civil right—and civil rights is the issue here—are you not appealing through your arguments to an audience that holds somewhat extreme views?"

Most Rev. Fred Henry: "No, I don't think I'm being excessive. If it makes you any more comfortable, I'll take my collar off. I'm just going to talk about marriage. I don't believe that religious and civil marriage are in opposition. What we're talking about is one fundamental reality, marriage as we know it, which pre-dates this country, this Constitution, and all of us. It's irrelevant whether or not I happen to be a religious person. All I want to talk about is marriage itself."

Thanks be to God for priests like Fr. Fox and bishops like Bishop Henry.

Now if we could just insert Bishop Henry's spine into all our bishops. . . :-)

Tim Lang said...

Thankyou Father.

Tim Langenderfer

Father Martin Fox said...

Eric:

Thanks for your clarification. I was uncomfortable with a blanket statement against the bishops.

Tim:

Fair enough; I can see how I may have a double standard -- I whale on the GOP, but I am far more circumspect in my criticism of the bishops.

Partly that's because I think the task of a bishop is more complex; the paradigm is different.

For one, politics is about division and conflict; politics is polite, civil warfare. In a significant sense, you are supposed to "divide" people.

The Church is very different, despite some real similarities (I mean, now, the Catholic Church, since some bodies have explicit politics).

Fundamentally, a pastor is a gatherer of the sheep, a father, a head of a family. The division that happens is not sought after, but comes when some will not stay with the flock.

Also, the stakes are different. One is about temporal matters, indirectly about eternal (they are never separate), the other is explicitly about eternal matters, and less directly, temporal. Given that, one might rightly say, the bishops' ought to be held to a higher standard, and that's 100% right; but also, means they have a far more difficult job, and evaluating how they are doing it is a lot more complicated.

That makes being a good pastor a lot more complicated to judge (I'm not saying there aren't obvious flaws in how bishops and pastors have carried out their ministry.)

Politics is a lot simpler to get right, in my view: get elected, vote right.

Also, to be candid: I have to work with bishops! I have to be prudent, where I can say mostly what I like about politicians. And, I was doing politics a lot longer than I have been clergy; it takes time to make many assessments.

Finally, between politics, and in the church, where the "line" is, when it comes to criticism that's fair/unfair, is different. That may be special pleading, but just compare how political people talk at conventions and in legislatures, vs. how bishops do.

All that said--it may still be I have a double-standard. Something to think about.

Father Martin Fox said...

P.S. I am not ignorant of the complexities of politics, by the way; my point about politics being simpler was in a relative sense. I was a little over-simple in my phrasing, above, but my point remains the same.

Tracy said...

Thank you Father, for the wonderful representation of Christ you were to all of these people.

To Dodge: Whether ppl like it or not, this country was founded on Christian principles. It's why we are "One Nation Under GOD" and "In God we trust". The idea was to keep Church and State spearate, with the understanding that everyone was running on Christian values and principles.

How does the quote go: "When God is pushed under, so follws the nation." or something to that effect!

God Bless,
Tracy

Tim Lang said...

Father,

I simply said thankyou on this thread. I am pretty sure your response is to my post on another thread and different topic.

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